Identify strengths of the logic models

RESPONSE 1:

Respond to at least two colleagues by doing all of the following:

· Offer critiques of their logic model as if you were a member of their work groups. 

  • Identify strengths of the logic models.
  • Identify potential weaknesses in the assumptions or        areas that may require additional information or clarification.

· Offer substantial information to assist your colleagues’ efforts such as: 

  • Information to support their understanding of the        problems and needs in this population
  • Suggestions related to intervention activities, and        potential outcomes

Colleague 1: Aimee

A logic model would help us to understand the needs of the community and identify barriers to services. In looking at the needs of the community I reside in, one specific need that continues to arise is that of transportation. I live in a very rural area where public transportation is almost unheard of. There are no bus lines, taxis, or UBER. Many drivers for UBER or LIFT, will not drive out this far to aid individuals. Clients have difficulty accessing services unless they have a caseworker who is willing to transport, family in the area, or friends they can count on.

A logic model would help to identify the issue and create a plan to overcome the challenges faced with no public transportation. We could identify the need and potential solutions to the problem. Dudley tells us that “logic model provides an organizing framework for understanding evaluations” (Dudley, 2018, p. 169). IN looking at the lack of transportation, we may see a pattern in untreated mental health and substance abuse as having a correlation with a lack of transportation to appointments and no access to providers.

The short-term outcomes of public transportation would be greater access to services, such as; mental health counseling, drug and alcohol counseling, parenting, and individual counseling. The long-term outcomes would be lowered drug abuse, wider spread mental health treatment, extended revenue for the community as resources are being utilized, and the potential for lower mental health hospitalizations. Depending on how the intervention is implemented, will depend on the outcome (Dudley, 2016). The logic model, at the intervention stage, provides a framework to improve the interventions being used, (Dudley, 2016, p. 169). It allows the intervention to be focused on the unmet needs of the client and address potential success in outcomes, (Dudley, 2016).

References

Dudley, J. R. (2016). Social Work Evaluation, Enhancing What We DO (2 ed.). New York, NY: Oxford University Press.

Colleague 2: Samantha

Practice-Level Logic Model Outline

 

Problem

Needs

Underlying   Causes

Intervention   Activities

Outcomes

 

Homeless Veterans IN Clark County, NV

Materials

Land

Funding

Volunteers

Donations

Medical Care

Job Training

4th largest population of   homeless in the United States

Gambling

Drug Use

Rapid expansion

Rapid increase in population

Rising cost of living

Veterans Village has opened 3 campus   locations that cater to transitional housing

Low cost permanent housing

And Assisted living

Reduction in homeless Veterans in Clark   County

Awareness raised in the community

Increased volunteers and donations

 

 

A logic model is a diagram of the relationship between the need and the ways to address those needs.  It provides a concise, one-page picture of program operations from beginning to end. The four components of logic models are the problem statement – why the service or project is needed, the goal – the overall aim, assumptions – the basis for the ideas, and the rationale – information in the model (Randolph, 2010).

 

The theory of change typically shows the big picture including issues that can not be controlled.  Shows different avenues that can lead to change.  Describes the how and why the change can come about.  Explains the thought process behind the reasons the change will happen (Randolph, 2010).

 

Unmet needs are there is still a long waiting list of homeless Veterans looking for services.  There is also a proposed campus to be built at Veterans Village for women Veterans, but the cost of land, materials and labor has inflated due to increase in population.  Current donations and volunteers would need to double to get the fourth campus built within the allotted amount of time (Stalk, 2018).

 

References

 

Randolph, K. A. (2010). Logic models. In B. Thyer (Ed.), The handbook of social work research methods (2nd ed., pp. 547–562). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage. (PDF)

 

Stalk, A., Executive Director. (2018). Veterans Village. Retrieved from https://www.clearinghousecdfi.com/impact_story/veterans-village/

 

Stalk, A., Executive Director. (2018). Veterans Village Las Vegas. Retrieved from https://vvlv.org/

RESPONSE 2:

Respond to at least two colleagues in one of the following ways:

  • Expand upon your analysis of the skills the administrator      demonstrated.
  • Describe a strategy your colleague might use to address the      aspect of the case study he or she identified as the most challenging.

Colleague 1: Sandra

An explanation of the types of skills the social work administrator demonstrated as she addressed the problem of Carla’s absence at work and the trauma-related events that followed.

The social work administration uses direct leadership style to take control of the situation. She gave instruction to the receptionist to wait another 15 minutes, after which she should apologize to the client, see if they would like to see someone else (if in crisis), and tell them that Carla would call to reschedule the appointment (Plummer, Makris,  & Brocksen, (Eds.). (2014b). She included what is expected of her, how it is to be done, and a timeline for when it should be completed (Northouse, 2013).

The Administration uses communication to manage conflict resolution by using the principled negotiation. This highlights deciding issues on their merits. According to Fisher and Ury, 1981, principled negotiation shows individuals how to obtain a fair share without taking advantage of.  There are four parts to this approach which includes separation of the people problem from,  focus on the interest, not positions,  invent options for mutual gains and insist on using objective criteria (Norhouse, 2013, pg., 251).

Finally, identify one aspect of the case study that would be most challenging to you if you were the administrator, and explain why.

One aspect of the case study that would be challenging is having to call the staff members to tell them that a fellow co-worker has passed. I would also feel compelled to tell them how she died so they could take steps to be mindful of their neighbors (if they are having any issues) and other people including the clients they served.

Northouse, P. G. (2018). Introduction to leadership: Concepts and practice (4th Ed.). Washington, DC: Sage.

Chapter 10, “Listening to Out-Group Members” (pp. 217-237)

Chapter 11, “Managing Conflict” (pp. 239-271)

Chapter 13, “Overcoming Obstacles” (pp. 301-319)

Plummer, S.-B., Makris, S., & Brocksen, S. M. (Eds.). (2014b). Social work case studies: Concentration year. Baltimore, MD: Laureate International Universities Publishing [Vital Source e-reader].

“Social Work Supervision: Trauma within Agencies” (pp. 7–9)

Zelnick, J. R., Slayter, E., Flanzbaum, B., Butler, N., Domingo, B., Perlstein, J., & Trust, C. (2013). Part of the job? Workplace violence in Massachusetts social service agencies. Health & Social Work, 38(2), 75–85.

Colleague 2: Tammy

Post an explanation of the types of skills the social work administrator demonstrated as she addressed the problem of Carla’s absence at work and the trauma-related events that followed.

The social work administrator demonstrated good leadership skills in the handling of Carla’s absence.  The administrator used technical competence because she knew the order of the tasks that needed to be handled.  According to (Northouse, 2018) you should understand the intricacies of how the organization functions.  The administrator made sure that the clients were handled in the proper manner.  During my first field experience, the clients that showed up for a social worker who had called off was handled in this exact same manner and it was effective.  The administrator also had interpersonal skills because cared about the staff getting notified about the death of their co-worker in a timely manner and grief counseling was available the next day (Social work supervision: Trauma within agencies, 2014b).  (Northouse) asserts that having interpersonal skills allows leaders to work more effectively with that staff and supervisors.  The administrator also demonstrated emotional intelligence.  The administrator is in tune with her emotions and she is sensitive and aware of other peoples emotions (Northouse).

Be sure to include an analysis of the administrator’s use of conflict resolution skills.

One of the ways the administrator used conflict resolution skills was to separate the conflict from the person.  The conflict was that clients were not being seen because of an employee not showing up for work.  The administrator separated the two things and was able to handle each item separately.  The administrator also used fractionation when she realized all the elements that were involved in Carla missing, she divided the problems down into more manageable pieces (Northouse, 2018).

Finally, identify one aspect of the case study that would be most challenging to you if you were the administrator, and explain why.

One aspect of the case study that would be most challenging to me if I were the administrator is the task of notifying Carla’s clients that she had died suddenly (Social work supervision: Trauma within agencies, 2014b).  Sometimes, I find it difficult to find the right words when speaking about the sudden death of someone you know or work with.  This same scenario happened at the prison where I worked and when I read this story it brought back the memory.  One of the things I remember is asking someone which of our supervisors had made the call to the police because I wanted to commend the supervisor for doing the right thing.  During the time, no one spoke to the staff about the death of one of its employees.  If my memory is correct they might have mentioned it in our roll call and that was it.  I have always found death notifications to be particularly uncomfortable however, I would be able to complete the task if it was assigned to me.

References

Northouse, P. G. (2018). Introduction to leadership: Concepts and Practice. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.

Social work supervision: Trauma within agencies. (2014b). In S. Plummer, S. Makris, & S. Brocksen, Social work case studies: Concentration year (pp. 7-9). Baltimore, MD: Laureate Publishing. [Vital Source e-reader].

How is impairment defined within the counseling profession?

Please reference and APA format

see attached file

In more recent years, the American Counseling Association (ACA) has recognized that professional counselors, like all helping professions, are at a higher risk for burnout, vicarious trauma, and impairment.

Read the article titled “Preventing Counselor Impairment: Vulnerability, Wellness, and Resilience” in the Module/Week 6 Reading & Study folder.

Write a 3–4-page paper on counselor impairment making sure to properly cite within your paper all sources you consult for information in current APA format. Your paper must be in current APA format (including a running head, title page, abstract, and reference page). The abstract must provide a brief, but detailed, overview of the paper in 150–250 words. The title page, abstract, and reference page do not contribute toward the page requirement.

Your paper must be divided into the headings listed below.

• Definition

o How is impairment defined within the counseling profession?

• Incidence

o What is the incidence of impairment among the professional counseling community?

• Characteristics

o What are the signs and symptoms of counselor impairment?

• Risk Factors

o What risk factors make counselors vulnerable to the development of impairment

Develop best practices for quality care across the dimensions of end-of-life care,

Discussion Board Question 2: End of Life Care.

Choose 1 focal point from each subcategory of practice, education, research and administration and describe how the APRN can provide effective care in end of life management.

Using the American nurses association position statement, recommendations for improvement in end of life management focuses on practice, education, research and administration. Listed below are steps that nurses can take to overcome barriers in healthcare practice.

Practice

1. Strive to attain a standard of primary palliative care so that all health care providers have basic knowledge of palliative nursing to improve the care of patients and families.

2. All nurses will have basic skills in recognizing and managing symptoms, including pain, dyspnea, nausea, constipation, and others.

3. Nurses will be comfortable having discussions about death, and will collaborate with the care teams to ensure that patients and families have current and accurate information about the possibility or probability of a patient’s impending death.

4. Encourage patient and family participation in health care decision-making, including the use of advance directives in which both patient preferences and surrogates are identified.

Education

1. Those who practice in secondary or tertiary palliative care will have specialist education and certification.

2. Institutions and schools of nursing will integrate precepts of primary palliative care into curricula.

3. Basic and specialist End-of-Life Nursing Education Consortium (ELNEC) resources will be available.

4. Advocate for additional education in academic programs and work settings related to palliative care, including symptom management, supported decision-making, and end-of-life care, focusing on patients and families.

Research

1. Increase the integration of evidence-based care across the dimensions of end-of-life care.

2. Develop best practices for quality care across the dimensions of end-of-life care, including the physical, psychological, spiritual, and interpersonal.

3. Support the use of evidence-based and ethical care, and support decision-making for care at the end of life.

4. Develop best practices to measure the quality and effectiveness of the counseling and interdisciplinary care patients and families receive regarding end-of-life decision-making and treatments.

5. Support research that examines the relationship of patient and family satisfaction and their utilization of health care resources in end-of-life care choices.

Administration

1. Promote work environments in which the standards for excellent care extend through the patient’s death and into post-death care for families.

2. Encourage facilities and institutions to support the clinical competence and professional development that will help nurses provide excellent, dignified, and compassionate end-of-life care.

3. Work toward a standard of palliative care available to patients and families from the time of diagnosis of a serious illness or an injury.

4. Support the development and integration of palliative care services for all in- and outpatients and their families.

Understanding The Research Process

Resources: Ch. 1, 2, and & 7 of Psychology

 

This required Portfolio assignment will provide you with the opportunity to practice and hone your research skills.  It has been designed to help you think scientifically about real world problems and issues and to apply your knowledge of the research process to various topics in Psychology.  This assignment accomplishes that goal by challenging you to:

 

·         Differentiate between the common use of the word research and the use of the word research in the social and behavioral sciences

·         Identify the major steps in the research process using a classic study in Psychology as an example.

 

Part I:  Defining Research

The word research is used in many different ways.  Consider the following examples:

·         Your friend tells you that he intends to research different hair products before deciding on one to buy.

·         A real estate agent advises you to research home values in your neighborhood before putting your house on the market.

·         A police officer reports that she is doing ‘some research’ on possible motives for a crime that was committed.

·         A writer states that he does ‘extensive research’ before beginning his fictional works.

 

Answer the questions below:

 

1.     How is research defined in the social and behavioral sciences?

 

 

2.     What makes scientific research different from the examples provided above?   In your response, be sure to address the characteristics of ‘good’ psychological research.

 

 

Part II: Understanding the research process

Researchers in Psychology follow a systematic process of investigation. Carefully read Chapter 2 of your textbook, paying special attention to the section on Experimental Research.  Then go to Chapter 7 in your textbook and read the following section: Research In-Depth: Counterfactuals and “If Only…” Thinking.  Answer the questions below, using Medvec & colleagues’ first study as an example:

1.     What hypothesis did Medvec & colleagues set out to test in their first study of the ‘near miss’ phenomenon?  Describe the theory associated with this hypothesis.

 

 

2.     Identify the variables in the study and describe how they were measured.  How did the researchers operationalize (test or measure) affective response upon winning a bronze or silver medal?

 

 

3.     Who were the participants in the study and what did they do?

 

 

4.     Describe the data that was collected and analyzed.

 

 

5.     Describe the results of the study.  What did the researchers conclude?

 

 

6.     If you were to design a follow-up experiment on this subject, what might it be?

There is not a specific word count…just make sure that you have adequately addressed each question.

Defining the purpose of social media use amongst African Americans.

Using the topic you have developed, write a Research Proposal (2,000-2,500 words) on a topic relevant to the course. To complete the Research Proposal, do the following:

Review the attached document “Research Proposal Guidelines.

  1. Introductory section: Include hypothesis and a review of the literature.
  2. Method section: Include subsections on Participants, Apparatus/Materials/Instruments, Procedure, and Design.
  3. Results section: Include statistic, critical values, degrees of freedom, and alpha level.
  4. Discussion section: Include interpretation of results, ethical concerns, limitations of study, and suggestions for future research.
  5. Figures and Tables section: Include a minimum of two (either two figures, two tables, or a figure and a table).

Include at least 8-10 scholarly references. Prepare this assignment according to the guidelines found in the APA Style Guide,

When is a patient appropriate for Hospice Care?

End of Life

1. When is a patient appropriate for Hospice Care?

2. What is the role of the DNR form?

3. What collaborative problems exist between nurse (healthcare team) and family when they are present during the client’s dying process?

4. Describe patient advocacy for a patient at the end of their life. What issues might you address on behalf of your client who may be dying?

5. What therapeutic communications might be appropriate for the nurse to demonstrate in delivering care to a patient and his/her family at the end of life?

1.  Apply the nursing process to provide care to a dying patient.

2. Assess the dying patient, including information obtained through verbal and non-verbal communication with the patient and family

3. Determine (plan) the nursing care for the patient based on assessment findings

4. Identify/demonstrate proper therapeutic communication and support for the patient and family and provide support during the final phase of death.

5. Identify the ethical dilemmas that may be present during the dying process. Issues with advance directives; issues with family members, issues with patient care, i.e. pain management

6. Identify all members of the healthcare team that ideally would participate in end of life care.

Academic Success And Professional Development Plan Part 4: Research Analysis

Architect Daniel Libeskind is credited with saying “To provide meaningful architecture is not to parody history, but to articulate it.” The suggestion is that his work does not copy the efforts of others but relies on it.

Understanding the work of others is critically important to new work. Contributions to the nursing body of knowledge can happen when you are able to analyze and articulate the efforts of previous research. Research analysis skills are therefore critical tools for your toolbox.

In this Assignment, you will locate relevant existing research. You also will analyze this research using a tool helpful for analysis.

To Prepare:

Reflect on the strategies presented in the Resources this Module’s Learning Resources in support of locating and analyzing research.

Read one peer-reviewed research article focused on a topic in your specialty field that interests you.

Review the article you selected and reflect on the professional practice use of theories/concepts described by the article.

The Assignment:

Using the “Module 4 | Part 4” section of your Academic Success and Professional Development Plan Template presented in the Resources, conduct an analysis of the elements of the research article you identified. Be sure to include the following:

Your topic of interest:  The effect of anxiety and depression on completion/withdrawal status in patients admitted to substance abuse detoxification program.

References

Araujo, L., Goldberg, P., Eyma, J., Madhusoodanan, S., Buff, D. D., Shamim, K., & Brenner, R. (1996). The effect of anxiety and depression on completion/withdrawal status in patients admitted to substance abuse detoxification program. Journal Of Substance Abuse Treatment13(1), 61–66. Retrieved from https://search-ebscohost-com.ezp.waldenulibrary.org/login.aspx?direct=true&db=mnh&AN=8699544&site=ehost-live&scope=site

A correctly formatted APA citation of the article you selected, along  A correctly formatted APA citation of t

  • A correctly formatted APA citation of the article you selected, along with link or search details.
  • Identify a professional practice use of the theories/concepts presented in the article.
  • Analysis of the article using the “Research Analysis Matrix” section of the template
  • Write a 1-paragraph justification stating whether you would recommend this article to inform professional practice.
  • Write a 2- to 3-paragraph summary that you will add to your Academic Success and Professional Development Plan that includes the following:
    • Describe your approach to identifying and analyzing peer-reviewed research.
    • Identify at least two strategies that you would use that you found to be effective in finding peer-reviewed research.
    • Identify at least one resource you intend to use in the future to find peer-reviewed research.

Note: Add your work for this Assignment to the original document you began in the Module 1 Assignment, which was built from the Academic Success and Professional Development Plan Template.he article you selected, along with link or search details.

Identify a professional practice use of the theories/concepts presented in the article.

Analysis of the article using the “Research Analysis Matrix” section of the template

Write a 1-paragraph justification stating whether you would recommend this article to inform professional practice.

Write a 2- to 3-paragraph summary that you will add to your Academic Success and Professional Development Plan that includes the following:

Describe your approach to identifying and analyzing peer-reviewed research.

Identify at least two strategies that you would use that you found to be effective in finding peer-reviewed research.

Identify at least one resource you intend to use in the future to find peer-reviewed research.

Note: Add your work for this Assignment to the original document you began in the Module 1 Assignment, which was built from the Academic Success and Professional Development Plan Template.The effect of anxiety and depression o K., & Brenner, R. (1996). The effect of anxiety and depression on completion/withdrawal status in patients admitted to substance abuse detoxification program. Journal Of Substance Abuse Treatment13(1), 61–66. Retrieved from https://&AN=8699544&site=ehost-live&scA correctly formatted APA citation of the article you selected, along with link or search details.

 

COMMUNITY HEALTH NURSING

FLORIDA NATIONAL UNIVERSITY

NURSING DEPARTMENT

RN TO BSN PROGRAM

COMMUNITY HEALTH NURSING

FAMILY HEALTH ASSESSMENT

After you have read chapter 20 of the class textbook and review the PowerPoint presentation, choose a family in your community and conduct a family health assessment using the following questions below.

1. Family composition.

Type of family, age, gender and racial/ethnic composition of the family.

2. Roles of each family member. Who is the leader in the family? Who is the primary provider? Is there any other provider?

3. Do family members have any existing physical or psychological conditions that are affecting family function?

4. Home (physical condition) and external environment; living situation (this must include financial information). How the family support itself.

For example; working parents, children or any other member

5. How adequately have individual family members accomplished age-appropriate developmental tasks?

6. Do individual family member’s developmental states create stress in the family?

7. What developmental stage is the family in? How well has the family achieve the task of this and previous developmental stages?

8. Any family history of genetic predisposition to disease?

9. Immunization status of the family?

10. Any child or adolescent experiencing problems

11. Hospital admission of any family member and how it is handled by the other members?

12. What are the typical modes of family communication? It is affective? Why?

13. How are decisions make in the family?

14. Is there evidence of violence within the family? What forms of discipline are use?

15. How well the family deals with crisis?

16. What cultural and religious factors influence the family health and social status?

17. What are the family goals?

18. Identify any external or internal sources of support that are available?

19. Is there evidence of role conflict? Role overload?

20. Does the family have an emergency plan to deal with family crisis, disasters?

Identify 3 nursing diagnosis and develop a short plan of care using the nursing process.

Please present a summary of your assessment in an APA format on a 12 Arial font, word document attached to the forum in the discussion tab of the blackboard title “family assessment.” 4 evidence-based practice references besides the class textbook are require and must be quoted in the assignment. A minimum of 1000 words are required, excluding the first and reference page (Websites can be used but will not count toward grading). 2 replies to any of your peer’s assessment/posting are required sustained with the proper reference. You must identify two family problems and present a nursing care plan using the nursing process addressing the problems.

The assignment must be posted in the discussion tab of the blackboard for your peers to and reply and in the SafeAssign Exercise in the assignment tab of the blackboard to verify originality.

Due date: Sunday November 17, 2019 @ 11:59 PM

The Environment and Ethical Obligation

Reviewing Appendix B in Butts, choose two of the Nine Tenets of the Code of Ethics for Nurses and describe how you will personally apply each tenet in the practice setting with your patients. Describe in detail the purpose of the tenet and provide examples of the tenet applied in practice. Explain why it is important to uphold the tenet in maximizing the quality of patient care, and identify how it enhances your own practice as a nurse.

Your paper should be 1-2 pages.

Include a title page and a reference page to cite your text. Adhere to APA formatting throughout, and cite any outside sources you may use.

I choose:

 

1. The Environment and Ethical Obligation

Virtues focus on what is good and bad in regard to whom we are to be as moral persons; obligations focus on what is right and wrong or what we are to do as moral agents. Obligations are often specified in terms of principles such as beneficence or doing good; nonmaleficence or doing no harm; justice or treating people fairly; reparations, or making amends for harm; fidelity, and respect for persons. Nurses, in all roles, must create a culture of excellence and maintain practice environments that support nurses and others in the fulfillment of their ethical obligations.

Environmental factors contribute to working conditions and include but are not limited to: clear policies and procedures that set out professional ethical expectations for nurses; uniform knowledge of the Code and associated ethical position statements. Peer pressure can also shape moral expectations within a work group. Many factors contribute to a practice environment that can either present barriers or foster ethical practice and professional fulfillment. These include compensation systems, disciplinary procedures, ethics committees and consulting services, grievance mechanisms that prevent reprisal, health and safety initiatives, organizational processes and structures, performance standards, policies addressing discrimination and incivility position descriptions, and more. Environments constructed for the equitable, fair, and just treatment of all reflect the values of the profession and nurture excellent nursing practice.

2.

9.2 Integrity of the Profession

The values and ethics of the profession should be affirmed in all professional and organizational relationships whether local, inter-organizational, or international. Nursing must continually emphasize the values of respect, fairness, and caring within the national and global nursing communities in order to promote health in all sectors of the population. A fundamental responsibility is to promote awareness of and adherence to the codes of ethics for nurses (the American Nurses Association and the International Council of Nurses and others). Balanced policies and practices regarding access to nursing education, workforce sustainability, and nurse migration and utilization are requisite to achieving these ends. Together, nurses must bring about the improvement of all facets of nursing, fostering and assisting in the education of professional nurses in developing regions across the globe.

The nursing profession engages in ongoing formal and informal dialogue with society. The covenant between the profession and society is made explicit through the Code of Ethics for Nurses with Interpretive Statements, foundational documents, and other published standards of nursing specialty practice; continued development and dissemination of nursing scholarship; rigorous educational requirements for entry into practice, advanced practice, and continued practice including certification and licensure; and commitment to evidence informed practice.

Reference

Butts, J. B. (2016). Nursing Ethics, 4th Edition. [Bookshelf Online]. Retrieved from https://vsaccess.vitalsource.com/#/books/9781284099096/

What it is that makes Socrates “philosophical” while Euthyphro is not?

DIRECTIONS: You will submit a total of 3 separate posts for this unit.

1) Answer any THREE of  the nine questions listed below. You may pick three questions from the  same chapter or three questions from two different chapters. It’s  entirely up to you. These three posts must have a minimum of 100 words each. Anything less will result in a grade of ZERO without the possibility of a make-up post.       PLEASE MAKE SURE TO SUBMIT 3 SEPARATE POSTS: DO NOT ANSWER MORE THAN ONE QUESTION IN A SINGLE POST.    QUESTIONS:    Chapter 1: Plato’s Allegory of the Cave      1. What are some things the allegory suggests about the process of enlightenment or education?     2. The allegory presupposes that there is a distinction between appearances and reality. Do you agree? Why or why not?     3.  What sometimes happens to people when the illusion is shattered and  reality is revealed? Can you give an example from your own or a friend’s  experience?

Chapter 2: Plato’s Euthyphro

4. What it is that makes Socrates “philosophical” while Euthyphro is not?

5. What sorts of questions does Socrates ask and what sorts of answers does Euthyphro give?

6. The dialogue ends inconclusively: Euthyphro  has not been able to arrive at a satisfactory definition of the pious.  Does this mean the whole discussion between Socrates and Euthyphro was a complete waste of time? Why or why not?

Chapter 3: Plato’s Apology of Socrates

7. Socrates  is famous for saying that “an unexamined life is not worth living for a  human being.” What does he mean by this? What’s so valuable about  examining one’s life?

8. When Socrates is suggesting that his “penalty” be free meals in the Prytaneum,  he compares himself to the victor in an Olympic race. He says that  while victory brings the Athenians only the appearance of success,  Socrates brings the reality of success. What service does Socrates think  he is doing for the Athenians that cannot be matched by the winner of  an Olympic race? How does examining the citizens of Athens bring them  true success?

9. Socrates  thinks that the person who is aware of his ignorance is wiser than the  person who thinks he knows something when he doesn’t. But if neither  person knows anything, how can one be wiser than the other? What kind of  wisdom could Socrates be referring to here?